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American Elm

American Elm

Status: In Stock
Minimum Purchase:
10 units
Mature Height- 50-70 Ft, Spread - 20-30', USDA hardy zone 2-9

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The American elm tree (Ulmus americana is a tall, beautiful and stately tree that was grown for its shade and its timber.

The tree grows well in hardiness zones 2 to 11. Before Dutch elm disease felled so many of them, the tree was notorious for its hardiness. It can grow to a height of 75 to 100 feet, and some have been known to live for over 200 years. It prefers relatively fertile, well-drained, somewhat moist soil. It also grows quickly and can grow about two feet per year. The American elm is also known as the white elm.

Planters love the elm for its habit, which is in the shape of a tall, elegant vase.

Elms planted on opposite sides of a street in residential neighborhoods often form a sort of green tunnel over the street as they mature. People treasure this for its beauty and its shade. Because it tolerates stressors like pollution so well, the elm is a favorite tree to plant in cities.

The American elm produces small, greenish flowers in the spring before the leaves grow. The flowers have both male and female parts and so the tree self-pollinates. The fruit is encased in small wings and helicopter down to the ground when the tree leaves out. The fruit and its wings are called a samara. Because of its wings, it can be transported over long distances. The leaves of the elm are oval, three to six inches long and grow close together. They have pointed tips and toothed margins. The leaves turn yellow and fall in the autumn.

The wood of the American elm is sturdy and light brown. It doesn't split quickly, and the wood is used for barrels, wagon wheels and farm implements. The bark has a durable fiber that was used for rope making by Native Americans.

Dutch elm disease, a disease caused by a fungus, remains a scourge of the American elm tree. Despite this, the population is secure, and the tree thrives where there’s no Dutch elm disease.

The elm tree is a favorite nesting tree of orioles. When the leaves have fallen, it’s easy to see their nests swinging from the branches.

The American Elm ships bare root.