American elm tree

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American Elm Tree, Ulmus Americana Is An Extremely Sturdy Tree That Can Withstand Even The Lowest Of Temperatures

The American elm tree, formally known as the Ulmus Americana, is a species of elm native to eastern North America. It naturally occurs from Nova Scotia west to Alberta and Montana and south to Florida and central Texas. An extremely hardy tree that withstands temperatures as low as forty-two degrees Celsius, one of the most notable examples of this species is a Sauble Elm. This elm grew beside the banks of the Sauble River in Ontario, Canada, to a remarkable height of forty-three meters and a tree-ring count establishing its germination in 1701.

American Elm Tree, Ulmus Americana Occurs Anywhere As Long As Its Soil Has Good Drainage

As a deciduous hermaphroditic tree, the American elm commonly grows to more than a hundred feet tall with a four-foot trunk diameter, supporting an umbrella-like canopy. Its leaves are alternate at around seven to twenty centimeters long, with double-serrate margins and an oblique base, and its perfect flowers are small, purplish-brown and, being wind-pollinated, apetalous. The flower's female parts mature before the male parts and emerge in the early spring before the leaves.

The fruit is a flat samara two centimeters long by one-point-five centimeters broad, with a circular papery wing surrounding the single seed, four to five millimeters. Like the closely related European White Elm, the flowers and seeds are borne on stems one to three centimeters long. The American Elm is wholly insensitive to daylight length and will continue to grow well into autumn until injured by frost.

While the American elm occurs naturally in a rich assortment of habitats ranging from rich bottomlands, floodplains, stream banks, and swampy ground, it may also thrive on hillsides, uplands, and even high-terrain areas with well-drained soils. On more elevated terrain, as in the Appalachian Range, it is most often found along rivers. The species' wind-dispersed seeds enable it to spread rapidly as suitable areas of habitat become available. The American elm will fruit in late spring (which can be as early as February and as late as June, depending on the climate).

The seeds usually germinate immediately, with no cold stratification needed. But occasionally, some might remain dormant until the following year. Many would value this distinctive growth form in the open-grown American elms of street plantings, lawns, and parks; along some narrower streets, elms planted on opposite sides arch and blend into a leafy canopy over the pavement. However, elms can assume many different sizes and forms depending on the location and climate zone.

American Elm Tree, Ulmus Americana is For Sale at TN Wholesale Nursery with Low Prices and Fast Shipping

An extremely hardy tree, the American Elm tree is loved for its elegant, stately form, with branches that spread like fountains. 

The botanical name of the American Elm Tree is Ulmus Americana. It is a genus of Elm and is native to North Carolina and eastern North America. The American Elm tree can withstand low temperatures of 42 degrees Celsius in winters. The tree can live hundreds of years with natural ranges extending from south to central Texas and Florida, and Nova Scotia west to Montana and Alberta. The American Elm tree is a lovely shady tree that once dazzled urban areas and towns across the country, was decimated by Dutch elm disease beginning in the 1950s. Luckily, disease-resistant cultivars are now available in the market. 

The American Elm tree is also known for its elegant vase-shaped throne, distinguishable leaves, yellow fall foliage, and ability to thrive in harsh environments. Sauble Elm is one of the most prime examples of the Elm species. Reaching a phenomenal height of 43 meters, the Elm tree grows alongside the banks of the Sauble River in Ontario, Canada. The Ulmus Americana or American ELm tree grows best in well-drained soil. It is a deciduous tree that also reaches a height of more than a hundred feet. However, it has a  4-foot trunk diameter which supports an awning canopy. The alternate leaves of the American Elm tree are 20 cm long with double edges and an ambiguous structure. 

The wind-populated flowers of the American Elm tree are perfect, small, purplish-brown, and apetalous. The female parts of the flower reach maturity before the male parts and spring up before the leaves in early spring. The flat one-seeded wing is 4 to 5 cm long, and the fruit is two centimeters long and 1.5 centimeters wide. Therefore, 1 to 3 cm long stems carry flowers and seeds, similar to the closely related European White Elm. The American Elm tree grows quicker in the presence of sunlight and will continue to grow until frost damage occurs. These trees are excellent choices for the home landscape. 


Cultural Specification of the American Elm Tree:

Botanical Name: Ulmus Americana

Native to: North Carolina, Eastern North America

Ship as:  Bareroot

Height at Maturity: 60-100’ long, 40-60’ wide

Water Requirements:  Moderate moisture

Soil Type: Well-drained, rich, moist loamy soil, Tolerates poor soil conditions

Sun Exposure:  Full Sun, Partial Sun

Hardiness Zones: 2-9

Growth Rate:  Fast, 3 feet per year

Foliages:  Big dark green leaves turn yellow in the fall

Best Time to Harvest: Spring

Since the American Elm Tree grows in several habitats, including rich marshy ground, riverbanks, and floodplains, it thrives on hillsides and uplands with well-drained soils. It is commonly found in high-terrain areas such as the Appalachian Mountains. The American elm bears fruit in the late spring (early Feb to late June). Elms, however, can grow in a wide range of sizes and shapes depending on their location and climate. American Elm flourishes in average, moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. The American Elm tree is a lovely urn shape shady and is easy to transport due to its fibrous root system. The hardiness zone of the American Elm tree is 3-9.


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Additional Information

Planting Zones 2-9
$9.99 - Ships Fall
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