Black Willow Brush Layers can be used in many restoration projects
Salix Nigra is better known as Black Willow Seedlings. The hardy planting zones are 3-8. The growth rate is 1-2 feet a year. Black Willow Seedlings at maturity can reach 30-40 feet high and can achieve this in as little as 30 years. Plant in full sun to partial shade and does like to be consistently moist.
Black Willow Brush Layers is perfect for a low lying or area that is always wet.
This tree is a close relation to the weeping willow. The wood of this tree can sometimes be used to make artificial limbs before we had plastic. It will have yellow catkins that are about 1½ inches in length. They will turn into an orange pod filled with seeds in the summertime.
The Black Willow name comes from the nearly black color of its bark. The twigs are slender, flexible, and light red. The leaves are deciduous and grow alternately. They are narrow and lance-shaped with small hairs underneath, finely toothed margins, and round tapered bases. The buds are close, cone-shaped and orange-brown. Male and female yellow-green flower catkins that are 4-5 cm long grow on separate trees.
Black Willows are commonly used as ornamental shade trees.
They can be quickly established from cuttings, but the soil in which they germinate and grow must be moist. After they are grown, they need to be thinned out periodically to prevent stagnation. The lumber industry makes shipping boxes from its wood. The bark of these trees has long been used to create a therapeutic tea to ease rheumatic pains and stiff joints and to lower fevers. In the wild, the seeds are widely spread by water and wind. The roots of this tree help to prevent soil from being washed away. Beaver and elk eat off of Black Willow Seedlings, and it gives nectar and pollen to honey bees.