Box Elder Tree is a beautiful and vibrant tree.
Box Elder tree also goes by Acer negundo, Boxelder Maple, Boxelder maple, Manitoba maple, and ash-leaved maple. This tree comes from the Soapberry family, Sapindaceae. It is a native tree to North America and found in other parts of the world, including Europe, Australia, South America, New Zealand, South Africa, and Asia. This tree survives well in treeless lands because of its exceptional adaptive qualities, making it comfortable anywhere. It is planted near rivers and streams too. Although it's a short-lived plant, it is widely known for being a fast-growing tree.
This tree is considered a medium-sized plant in the United States that can reach a height of 25 – 80 feet and a width of 3 feet at maturity. On average, this deciduous plant can survive for up to 75 years. However, with the ideal maintenance and room for growth, they can stay for 100 years. When planted in a field with ample room to grow, these trees can flourish widely and form an irregular shape. It leads to the formation of a canopy-like treetop with multiple branches. However, the results will be different if the trees grow less abundance of space in a crowded area with other trees. Less growing rooms lead to narrower widths and taller heights of the Box Elder trees.
Box Elder Tree has a unique flowering pattern.
Box elder leaves differ from the rest of the genus Acer trees because they are pinnately compound leaves. Another differential point in this context is that they are the only ones with 3 to 7 leaflets per leaf stalk. The number of the leaflets is always odd and typically 5. These leaves can be 2 – 4 inches long at maturity and consist of edges with either a small number of large teeth or completely smooth.
Although light green during the spring, the leaves of the Box Elder tree take on a pale green or yellow color during fall, the Box Elder tree leaves are commonly referred to as Poison Ivy leaves, which is a significant reason for the mistaken belief that they are the same plant.
The bark of this tree changes colors as the tree ages. The tree bark darkens soon after and gives off a grayish-brown aura. The trees have a unique flowering pattern considering that the flowers are petal-less. These flowers appear as soon as spring starts. The yellowish-green flowers are dioecious and unisexual, forming droops on pedicles and racemes. Samaras – the infamous fruits of the Box Elder tree – mature and fall during autumn and are the source of seeding for the trees throughout winter.
Best Time to Harvest: In the spring
Sun Exposure: Full shade
Water Requirement: Low (drought-tolerant)
Soil: Preferably wet soils, but dry soil also works
Hardiness Zone: 2 – 10
Height at Maturity: 25 – 80 feet or more
Ship As: bareroot
The Native Americans cultivate the sap of these trees to formulate a specific type of syrup from this tree native to North America. This sap can also be used as an ingredient in beverages made up of sugar maple. Apart from their usage in making furniture, fiberboards, and boxes, the Box Elder trees serve great aesthetic purposes for landscapes or suburbs. The most drought-prone cityscapes can use this tree because of its extraordinary immunity against droughts.
Box Elder Tree is drought tolerant and easy maintenance.