Erosion Control Products
Known to the layperson as "dirt," topsoil is the outermost layer of the earth's crust. Rich in nutrients and organic matter, it hosts crops and wild flora all over the world. In fact, without topsoil, humanity would have died out long ago. While that statement might strike some as extreme, the evidence for it found in erosion. All is not lost, however. There are ways to prevent soil erosion.
Live stakes -- are cut branches from hardwood trees replanted inhospitable soil. They are called stakes because they usually have no twig or leaf extensions. With the capacity to take root and form new trees, the live stakes gradually stabilize the underlying soil and secure it against erosive forces. Planting them during the winter months allows the stakes to establish themselves when the growing season arrives. Although some branch cuttings take to the host soil very well on their own, others require an application of rooting hormone for best results.
Fascines -- are another way in which to Erosion Control Products. Binding branches or rods or piping together, engineers can strengthen embankments and marsh soil as they strategically insert the bundles into trenches. In short, the sticks fashion into logs from which plant cover will grow. Meanwhile, the fascines themselves establish root systems--as with live stakes--that keep the topsoil in place. In addition to strengthening soil structure, this method interrupts the slope, thus slowing the velocity of movement.
Brush layers -- are composed of material from woody plants that are native to the area under scrutiny. They should ideally be freshly cut, i.e., embedded within 48 hours of extraction. When planted at an angle to a slope or incline, the cuttings are driven in butt-end first. Often inserted at embankments, brush layers convey food and cover for fish in the adjacent water body while stifling the downhill flow of rainwater.
Native plants -- capture water, interrupt its force and fortify the soil beneath. Like bundled cuttings and stakes, they can decrease erosion rates by as much as 50 percent. What gives native plants their edge is their natural adaptation to both local soil and atmospheric conditions. This makes them more independent and less needy of management.
Grasses -- are excellent counter-measures to erosive activity because they possess coarse and muscular root systems that hold soil molecules in the place like few other floral categories. Similar to other plants, native grasses are optimal for the preservation of topsoil. A county extension office of the state's land-grant university is a helpful resource in determining the best grass variety.
Erosion Control Products
People should neither underestimate the destructive results of erosion nor overestimate the steps that can remediate the problem. As demonstrated above, often, the right placement and planting of vegetative organisms can qualitatively stanch the flow of runoff.