Carex Pennsylvania 25 Plants

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  • Carex Pennsylvania
  • Carex Pennsylvania

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Carex Pensylvanica is a Shade-loving Perennial Plant

 Carex Pennsylvania is native to eastern and central North America and is extensively variable. It is typically found on sandy soils or as a constituent of low prairies. It spreads by stolons, meaning above-ground runners, and forms an excellent ground cover of soft clumps highly suitable for drought-tolerant lawns in covered or shady areas. Pennsylvania sedge could tolerate heavy shade and wet soils, although its ideal location is dry shade.

The sedge is noninvasive, has reddish-brown roots, grows in loose colonies with a creeping habit. Since it is commonly found in oak trees, hence, the second common name, the "oak sedge." It has finely-textured green leaves that grow up to 8 inches tall. However, mowing is advisable once or twice every season to maintain a 2 inches height to make an excellent and soft woodland groundcover. The sedge greens up early in springtime and grows well in open woods or woodland margins.

 Sedges have a 3-angled stem that differs them from other grass. The sedge stems are firmly filled with pith but do not have nodes and are triangular in cross-section. The leaves, arranged in three rows, and the sheaths fused, wrapped the stem. Leaf-blades of sedges are usually grass-like and alternates along the stem with evergreen or semi-evergreen foliage, smooth, and around 0.5 to 3.6 mm wide. Sedges are wind-pollinated, and the flower-heads are almost always in spikelets.

The base of the leaves is approximately 8 to 12 inches long, with shorter stem leaves. However, the leaves arch over that makes the leaf clump rarely more than 8 inches high. Some leaves will remain evergreen in moderately cold winter climates, and dead leaves surround the new leaves. Its narrow, grass-like, medium-colored green leaves are mostly shorter than the flowering stems.


Carex Pennsylvania, Carex Pensylvanica is Perfect as Lawn Substitute or Groundcover

 Sedge flowers bloom in late spring, sometime from April to May. Plants are monoecious, meaning male flowers appear in spikelets above female flowers. Inflorescences are at the tip of rough, triangular culms or stem that rise up singly from the rhizomes. Staminate scales are colored green, often tinged with reddish-purple with white margins. Scales of pistillate are either dark brown or purplish-black, green midribs, and having white margins. The female flowers are of the sedge are followed by tiny fruits, achenes, enclosed in a sac-like bract, the perigynia.

 Carex Pennsylvania is a sedge for acidic woodlands. It is pest-resistant and unappealing to deers as well as other herbivores, and it requires less maintenance. It is, however, a great lawn substitute, or groundcover, or as an edging plant for a shade garden. 


Pennsylvania Sedge, Carex Pensylvanica is For Sale at TN Wholesale Nursery with Low Prices and Fast Shipping

Carex Pennsylvania, a semi-evergreen sedge also called oak sedge, grows near oak trees and belongs to Cyperaceae. This sedge is native to Eastern and Central North America in the mulch of Mid Atlantic regions and seems the best fit for the thickest woodland areas. The propagation is in loose colonies with the help of rhizomes in masses having creeping habits. They are most commonly found in hardwood forests.

The woodland perennial attains a height of 1 to 1.5 feet, while the spread is 0.5 to 1 foot. They thrive in full sun if adequate moisture is available. These are heavy shade plants as they grow best in a shaded environment, forming the green carpet or ground cover named shade-loving perennials that need shade, especially in summers. However, the land should be well-drained, preferably average clay soil, while other soil types like sand and loam can also be used as alternatives. The plants are drought-tolerant, easily adaptable to dry soil.

These low sedge perennials have soft, narrow grass-like leaves that are ��� inches wide and 8 to 12 inches long. The leaves are medium green in cold winters that turn yellow or sandy tan in fall, while the roots are reddish-brown. The flowers bloom from April to July bearing fruit called achenes enclosed in sac-like brackets. The blossoms emerge from the tip of each rough triangular stem. The two types of scales found, namely, the staminate scale, has reddish-purple and white margins with green color, while the pistillate scale seems dark brown to purplish-black, followed by green midribs with white margins.

Such herbaceous perennials have over 1500 species having no serious pest diseases as the species are resistant to pests, deer, and erosion. The hardiness zones are 3 to 8. The native sedge is not tolerant of foot traffic and attracts pollinators like hummingbirds, butterflies, syrphid flies, beetles, lacewings, etc. It is the source of shelter for birds. They provide nesting material to birds and are considered beneficial to wildlife.

Carex species are the best groundcovers for dry and shaded areas that rescue and underplant the plant species prefer to grow in the shade. The clump-forming perennials are self-seeding and cover large areas. The plants are easy to grow as they don't require mowing, although mowing 2 to 3 times per year seems essential for the plant's growth as they grow 2 inches tall. The low-growing species are wind-pollinated and produce pollen from male plants that bring radiant plants in spring. The Pennsylvania sedge and white pine trees seem the best pairing as the species seem to propagate near these trees while expanding wide with other woodland wildflowers.

The best pairings with Pennsylvania species are Virginia waterleaf, Jacob's ladder, downy yellow violet, two leaf miterwort, bloodroot, early meadow-rue, and long style sweet root, as they are shade-tolerant perennials.

Sun exposure: Shade or partial shade

Water requirements: moderate moisture

Zone: 3 to 8

Best time to harvest: Summers or early spring

Ship as: Bare root

Height at maturity: 1 to 1.5 feet.

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Additional Information

Planting Zones 3-8
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