Coontail Plant

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Coontail, Ceratophyllum Demersum Grows In Any Location With A Freshwater Site


The coontail, formally known as the Ceratophyllum demersum or the hornwort in layman's terms, is a species of Ceratophyllum in the form of a submerged, free-floating aquatic plant with a cosmopolitan distribution. Native to all continents save for Antarctica, it is a popular aquarium plant that serves as cover species for fish and various aquatic animals. Its name derives from the stiff protrusions on the stems, with its genus name from the Greek 'Keras meaning horn, and 'phyllon' meaning leaf. The coontail grows in lakes, ponds, and quiet streams with summer water temperatures of fifteen to thirty degrees Celsius, and it has a rich nutrient status. It occurs in the entire United States and Canada except for Newfoundland; in Europe, it spans as far north as sixty-six degrees in Norway. Other occurrences include China, Siberia, the Volta River, Vietnam, and New Zealand.


Coontail, Ceratophyllum Demersum Also Serves As Cover For Small Fish And Similar Aquatic Life


The coontail, as a perennial and evergreen aquatic plant more inclined to stagnant freshwater, has stems reaching lengths of one to three meters and numerous side shoots that make a single specimen larger and bushier from a distance. Its stiff and brittle leaves come in whorls of six to twelve, with each leaf eight to forty millimeters long and either simple or forked into two eight thread-like segments edged with spines. Its small flowers measure around two millimeters long, with more than eight greenish-brown petals produced in the leaf axels.

As for the coontail fruit appears as a small nut four to five millimeters long with two basal spines and one apical spine, each one to twelve millimeters long. The plant develops its fruits when it finishes flowering with male and female inconspicuous blooms, which ducks and other waterfowl then consume. The coontail has allelopathic qualities, excreting substances inhibiting the growth of phytoplankton and cyanobacteria. The coontail's characteristics may go to the point that its dense growth rate can even out-compete underwater vegetation.


As the coontail often grows as a floating freshwater plant in both cold-water and tropical aquaria, it can live without roots by attaching itself to a substrate or other objects in the aquarium. Its fluffy, filamentous green leaves serve as excellent cover for newly-hatched fry, and propagation cuttings work pretty well for them. Since the coontail frequently appears as a model organism for studies in plant physiology, it allows studies on shoot effects without a root's influence, making interpretation of nutrition and toxicity experiments easier and less liable. 


Coontail Plant, Ceratophyllum Demersum is For Sale at TN Wholesale Nursery with Low Prices and Fast Shipping

The uses and benefits of the coontail plant are often included in the home remedies for dandruff, acne, psoriasis.

 Coontail (also known as hornwort) is a freshwater plant that grows in slow-moving or still waters. It is a form of chara, small flowering plants that grow in water. They grow slowly and reproduce by spores and underground rhizomes. Coontail plants have leaves that extend about 3 inches out of the water and 6 inches above the waterline. The leaves are also excellent and wispy looking.

Tall, slender stems rise from the roots, topped with leaves that fold in on themselves. Tiny white, greenish, or brown flowers grow from May to September. Growing coontail starts from spores, which you can collect from existing plants. Coontail is propagated by planting the rhizomes in shallow water and covering them with up to 1 inch of soil. They prefer temperatures between 50 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. However, they do require moderate amounts of sunlight to thrive.

The coontail plant (Ceratophyllum demersum) is a trendy aquarium plant. It's known for its bright green leaves and tall stems, making it an excellent choice for adding depth to an aquarium. There are different plant varieties, which can be distinguished by their leaf shape and coloration and how they grow in the aquarium.

Growing wild on the shores of ponds and lakes, coontail is often found in abundance in any area where these waterways are present. It is an aquatic plant that can be used medicinally to treat several diseases and disorders.

Coontail is often referred to as "bullrush" or "cane grass." Still, it is not grass, but instead a member of the lily family, along with other plants such as calla lilies, daylilies, and wild onions. The name coontail comes from the long yellowish-green leaf that resembles a raccoon's tail. Coontail grows in shallow waters, such as ponds and ditches, and prefers areas with slow-moving water. It blooms between July and September with small yellow flowers that grow in clusters at the top of the plants.

The uses and benefits of the Coontail Plant are two-fold. Some people use it for beauty, others for healing, some for both. Coontail is most commonly eaten by aquatic animals such as fish, reptiles, amphibians, and birds. It tastes similar to seaweed. It's often used as a replacement for this type of food in the diets of these animals. It is exceptionally high in carbohydrates, proteins, and minerals such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, and iron.

It is also used to fight aging signs and wrinkles because it brings oxygen to the skin. The roots and shoots of coontail are rich in vitamin C, thiamine, riboflavin, and niacin. They are also a great source of iron, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, and magnesium. The plant contains many anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, analgesic, and anti-spasmodic properties that have been widely used to treat respiratory issues like asthma. 

Cancer patients benefit from the intake of juice extracted from the leaves of this plant. This juice contains a specific compound called "cis-Aconitine." It is this compound that helps in the suppression of pain caused due to bone metastasis. This compound is also responsible for controlling blood pressure and improving blood circulation to the heart muscles. Studies have shown that cis-Aconitine can also help in treating Alzheimer's disease effectively. This plant has an anti-vomiting effect on the body, which aids in curing stomach ulcers naturally. It normalizes the secretion and flow of digestive juices in the stomach and thereby aids indigestion.


Height at maturity: 2 feet

Hardiness: zones 5 to 11

Sunlight: partial, full sun

Ship as: Bareroot


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Additional Information

Planting Zones 5-11
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