Ferns are excellent choices for any plant because they need little care. Those who find themselves with less than a green thumb opt for these plants because they are relatively self-sufficient. There are many varieties other than the typical houseplants, and they can be found growing wild in many parts of the country.
The New York Fern is a species of fern that is commonly seen carpeting wooded areas. These ferns love the moist soils and a lowlight and usually grow around 1-2 feet in height. This type of fern leaves are slightly hairy, and their leaves are a pale green color. On the backside of the leaves, it is easy to identify the sori, also known as the spore-bearing dots. The New York Fern never grows alone in the wild; they grow in colonies where hundreds of plants are together. Maintaining these plants for the home is not complicated; they need a few plants to sustain their health.
Unlike the New York Fern, the Hay-Scented Ferns need plenty of sunlight and acidic soil to grow. These ferns are an acquired taste, or should we say smell, because of the aroma they release. They let off the scent of barnyard hay, and people either love it or hate it. This fern too loves the damp soils, so they usually do better in the Northern part of the United States. These fern plants have a pale green appearance, and the leaves have a lacey look. The hay scent is more prevalent when the leaves begin to dry in the later summer. These plants are hardy as well and a great addition to add to any landscape.
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The Cinnamon Fern can grow up to 36 inches in height. Because this plant requires little to no care, they are a favorite to add to landscapes. These ferns will need dappled shade and super moist soil to grow correctly. In addition to being a lovely plant to add to the scene, these ferns produce lovely cinnamon fronds. They are used commonly in flower arrangements because of their beauty, but they do not last long. The leaves of this fern can be boiled and eaten for a tasty treat.
The Christmas Fern is named after the holiday season because of its vibrant color. These plants often keep their color well into the winter when other ferns and plants have faded. Those who want year-round color should consider these varieties of ferns. These plants get about 18 inches tall and are much different growing in the wild than in the home garden variety. The Christmas fern too likes an acidic site to build in, so some adjustments may need to be made to the soil.
Regardless of which type of fern one chooses, they are all relatively easy to maintain and add a tremendous green appearance. The ferns are hardy. They allow those who do not have much luck with plants to have a successful garden with minimal effort.