My Garden Zone Is
Fern plants are hardy and thrive in moisture and shade areas
Fern plants are known as ferns, referred to scientifically as a pteridophyte. They are commonly found in the hardy planting zones 2 through 8, depending on the exact subspecies of the particular plant. Ferns typically grow to between 1-4 feet tall at peak maturity. Ferns do not bloom in any season. Instead, they reproduce by disseminating tiny airborne spores. Most ferns prefer shady areas, while a minority of fern subspecies can tolerate moderate to low amounts of direct and sustained sunlight.
Ferns make up approximately 12,000 different species. They are unique as they do not reproduce by creating seeds. Instead, they propagate in a suitable environment by releasing spores from the undersides of their fronds. They release millions of these spores at a time, making them a prolific plant in terms of reproductive prowess.
Ferns offers a variety of ferns to add to your landscape.
Ferns are a popular addition to any shaded garden or lawn. They grow well in shaded environments with rich, moist soil and proper water drainage. Fern spacing largely depends on the type of fern species planted. However, a general rule is that most thrive planted approximately 4 feet apart. After planting them, they need a regular water supply to stay vibrant and healthy. Inadequate water will either hamper their overall growth rate and size or cause them to become wilted or dry.
Nearly all ferns prefer a shaded or very shaded growing location. Deep shade without any sunlight, however, is not suitable for them. They are known to thrive in "dabbled shade," similar to what overhanging trees can provide them. Please don't be overly concerned about exposing them to a limited amount of direct sunlight. If your ferns are exposed to direct light, ensure they are getting adequate water and will grow nicely.
Ferns thrive in a humid environment, absorbing airborne moisture readily. With so many small leaves to cause moisture to run down, they are particularly adept at collecting this type of water.
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Fern plants make spectacular border plants by themselves or combined with other plantings.
Most ferns do well in part shade or mottled sunlight, but many tolerate quite a bit of sun, provided they are well-watered. Ferns first appear in the fossil record 360 million years ago and come in a fantastic range of textures, colors, sizes, and shapes. Their versatility and ease of care make them an essential part of a well-rounded garden. Favorite ferns at Wholesale Nursery Company include:
New York Fern is a smaller-sized fern with bright green fronds.
Ostrich Fern, which can grow up to 6 feet tall.
Christmas Ferns, which, as its name suggests, is a favorite holiday gift.
The Fiddlehead Fern furled fronds can be harvested and eaten.
Fern Plant Benefits
Ferns add a whimsical enhancement to any shady part of the yard or garden.
Not only are ferns a beautiful addition to the yard, but there are also a wide variety of benefits to growing them.
Ferns are a low-maintenance plant that requires very little attention. They are pretty tolerable to many different types of soil. They adapt well to their environment, and although they prefer the shade, they can easily tolerate full sun if they get enough water.
Pests are not a problem when growing ferns in the garden. Under the proper conditions, ferns are highly resistant to many pests. They have a natural resistance to diseases that might otherwise harm other plants.
The diversity of ferns is quite incredible. They come in varying sizes, grow in many locations worldwide, and come in a broad spectrum of frond styles. They can be a stand-alone plant in a pot or a complimentary grouping in the garden. They provide a perfect addition to a perennial flower bed or as edging around the house.
As many gardeners know, keeping wildlife out of the garden can become an annoying task. Fortunately, ferns keep this burden at bay. Deer, squirrels, rabbits, chipmunks, groundhogs, voles, and other pesky animals seem to have no interest in ferns. That is a happy relief to gardeners who struggle to maintain their gardens.
Another benefit of growing ferns in the yard is that they work pretty well to camouflage an unsightly area with their beauty. Ferns can easily hide such eyesores as utility boxes and unattractive basement walls with their delicate fronds. They can also be planted as an alternative to mulch, acting as a natural form of weed control.
With such wide varieties, species, and color variations of ferns and the many benefits they provide, it is hard to imagine passing this plant up.
Native Ferns that are Easy to Grow
Ferns are a popular plant to add to a home garden; a few species are elementary to grow. Here we will detail five native ferns that are easy to grow in an at-home garden. Maidenhair Ferns can grow indoors as well as outdoors and are pretty simple. This plant enjoys moist, partly shaded environments. In caring for Maidenhair Ferns, they need to be kept moist, but make sure not to overwater; otherwise, the plant could become diseased.
Another low-maintenance fern species is the Spreading Wood Fern. This type of fern is expected to grow about 3 feet high. These ferns are characterized by their delicate leaves and look beautiful in wooded landscapes. Spreading Wood Fern should be planted a reasonable distance apart to grow and have room to spread correctly. They survive best in shaded and moderate climates. They look great in open areas of landscaping without other plants.
A Deer Fern is an easy addition to most gardens as well. These ferns have two types of leaves, some of which are flat, and the others are wavy—the leaf density changes depending on the time of year. A Deer Fern has moderate growth and requires minimal care with occasional watering to keep the soil wet but not over-saturated. These ferns are less temperate, can survive in warmer climates, and are easy to grow.
Christmas Ferns are well established in cool and shaded environments. Often, these plants are utilized as ground cover in landscaping and grow reasonably quickly. The climate mustn't be too hot or dry for Christmas Ferns to survive. These make a beautiful addition to a yard setting due to their grave, vibrant green color.
In addition to the previous low-maintenance ferns, there are Ostrich Ferns. Ostrich Ferns grow best in damp, shaded landscaping areas and are visually appealing. It is expected to grow roughly 3 to 6 feet in height and width. It would be best if you planted this fern species in a shallow hole with the crown above the soil level.
Some other native ferns include Oak Ferns, Sensitive Ferns, and Royal Ferns. The most important thing to remember is to add ferns to your garden quickly, or landscaping requires a damp and shaded environment protected from the elements.
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