Ironwood Tree

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Ironwood Tree, Ostrya Virginiana Is One Of The More Popular Hornbeam Species In The United States, Thanks To Its Robust Structure

 The ironwood, also known as the Carpinus caroliniana in formal terms and commonly known as the American hornbeam, is a hardwood tree in the genus Carpinus native to eastern North America, from Minnesota southern Ontario east to Maine, and south to east Texas and northern Florida. As the ironwood occurs naturally in shaded areas with moist soil, particularly near the banks of streams or rivers, it is often a natural constituent understory species of the maritime forests of eastern temperate North America.

The ironwood gets its common name from its strong wood, which rarely experiences cracking or splitting. Early pioneers found ways to turn their wood into mallets and other tools, as well as bowls, dishes, and furniture. As they serve many purposes in the home landscape, they have an attractive and open shape under the shade of other trees; in the sunlight, their growth pattern is tight and dense.

The ironwood grows up to thirty feet tall in the open while barely reaching twenty feet in shady or protected locations—the spread of its branches is just as wide as the tree itself is elevated. Its bark is a distinct bluish-grey, giving its nickname of "blue beech," known for its hanging fruit dangling from its branches until fall. The foliage of the ironwood transforms into brilliant shades of orange, red, and yellow as the autumn draws closer. The tree is also an excellent choice for attracting wildlife, including songbirds, swallowtail butterflies, rabbits, beavers, and beavers white-tailed deer.


Ironwood, Ostrya Virginiana Requires Little Maintenance, And Pruning Is Only Optional Thanks To Its Sturdy Branches

The ironwood is known for its gracefully rounded canopy, ornamental bark, and vibrant fall colors, making it a significant landscape addition. Its growing conditions thrive in a good majority of the United States, and they grow in both sun and shade, with a preference for organically rich soil. Young ironwood saplings need regular irrigation in the absence of rain, but they tolerate more extended periods between waterings as they age. Organic soil that holds moisture well can help cut down on the amount of supplemental watering. There is no need to fertilize hornbeam trees growing in good soil unless the foliage is pale or growing poorly. Ironwood pruning depends on your needs, but ironwood generally requires very little pruning for good health. The branches are robust, with little to no need for repair, but you can trim the branches up the trunk to share space in landscaping maintenance if it is to your preference.

Ironwood Tree, Ostrya Virginiana is For Sale at TN Wholesale Nursery with Low Prices and Fast Shipping

Ironwood Tree is also known as the Hop Hornbeam Tree

The Ironwood name has been applied to many trees worldwide; in the United States, it is called Ostrya Virginiana (or American Hophornbeam). If you love beer, you might appreciate the seeds of the American Hophornbeam, which resemble the hops used for beer. These hops will bloom in early summer.  These American Ironwood trees reach about 25 - 50 feet tall. Their average width is about 8 to 20 inches. The bark of this deciduous broadleaf understory tree is brown to grayish-brown with fluted exfoliation at the ends. The bark is highly prized.

The medium to dark green leaves is usually about 2 to 5 inches long and half as wide with an oblong or heart shape. The leaf edge has a double serration and a central vein on the underside. The dark reddish-brown twigs are shiny with a zig-zag shape.Branches will be upright and spreading, with older trees displaying more irregular branching. Each fruit cluster has small inflated pods in clusters; There is a hard nutlet inside each pod. The fruit changes from green to tan.


Ironwood Tree grows best in slightly acidic soil. 


 As its name denotes, the primary species of this Ironwood is found in Virginia, along the Atlantic coast. The sub-species have spread and are primarily found along the eastern side of the United States Continental Divide. It is also found in Canada. The preferred growing habitat is largely Zone 3-9. The Ironwood tree prefers full sun to partial shade; It grows best in slightly acidic soil that is moist and cool. Landscapers might use the American Ironwood in streets, lawns, or natural areas.  The American Ironwood has a rich amber to orange leaf color in the autumn. Its buds and catkins are a favorite for ruffled grouses Bonasa Umbellus. The Ironwood comes from the dense, heavy wood prized for longbows. American Hop Hornbeam Tree is also known as the Ironwood tree.

The Hop Hornbeam is more commonly known as the American Hornbeam. It is also known by other names such as Musclewood, Blue Beech, Water Beech, and Ironwood. This understory tree can be placed in sunny to shaded areas and tolerates many soils making it versatile and easy to keep. It is a slow-growing tree with a broad, dense crown that provides excellent shade and windbreak. The Hornbeam is named for its toughness related to the tough wood it provides. Its tall height gives it a majestic appearance that is only highlighted even more during the autumn months when the usually beautiful green leaves transform into a vivid scarlet and orange display.

 American Hop Hornbeam is for zones 3 through 9

 Climate Zone: 3 to 9

 Mature Height: 20 to 30 feet

 Mature Width: 20 to 30 feet

 Sunlight: full sun to full shade

 Soil Conditions: moist to wet, well-drained soil

 Botanical Name: Carpinus caroliniana

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Additional Information

Planting Zones 3-9
$9.99 - Ships Fall
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