Panicgrass, Panicum Is A Perennial Grass Known For Its Longevity, And It Has Several Cultivars Of Its Own
Panicgrass, also known as Panicum amarulum in formal terms, is a native, warm-season perennial grass that forms in clumps and grows through its rhizomes, up to about three to seven feet tall. Native to the Northeast United States, it frequently grows in tufts in coastal dunes. It commonly associates itself with American beachgrass, salt meadow cordgrass, sea oats, partridge pea, Adam's needle, and much more coastal flora. It is highly drought-resistant and tolerant to salt spray, so these qualities make the Panicgrass well-adapted to its indigenous coastal habitat. It is a barrier plant in the pioneer zone and protects other salt-susceptible species beyond the primary dune.
It has several species, like the coastal Panicgrass and the bitter Panicgrass. Depending on the cultivar, it can either have a more upright, clumpy habit with wider flowerheads or narrower and sparsely-flowers panicles. Ecological conditions serve as factors that impact these characteristics, and their differences become more pronounced at the northern end of the species range and less distinct at the southern end.
Panicgrass-Panicum Is The Ideal Candidate In Barriers That Help Prevent Soil Erosion And Control Salt Content
With this grass longevity, upright growth habit, and resistance to lodging, it is quickly established and manageable, making it the ideal candidate for hedgerows, vegetative barriers, herbaceous wind barriers, and plantings. Cows readily graze on the Panicgrass, as it provides a sufficient level of crude protein to support beef production. They are at their most advantageous for grazing if incorporated into a rotational stocking system. In the field of ornamental uses or landscaping, the Panicgrass's bluish-green leaves and vibrant orange anthers make it a desirable addition to gardens, especially for landowners.
Native Americans also use various species of this plant for medicinal purposes. For instance, the Seminole used the grass as an antirheumatic, cough medicine, pulmonary aid, and throat aid. The Natchez and Creek tribes utilized it to treat malaria, and the Miccosukee tribe relied on the plant to treat gopher-tortoise sickness. Finally, the Cherokee padded their moccasins with the stems.
While coastal dunes are the best options for plant establishment via vegetative plugs, direct seeding can suffice under the appropriate conditions, such as soil moisture achieved in moist sand or even saline environments. The seeds germinate at salinity levels similar to levels that seedlings can tolerate, so you can start by planting seeds one to three inches deep, depending on the soil texture. You may also use a drop seeder, a drill, or seeding equipment, though a single-row garden push seeder makes for the simplest, smallest-scale option.
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This plant is a fast-growing, warm-season native grass that is excellent for landscaping. This plant is grass from the sedges family, which is native to the Amazon regions of Brazil. It grows in large clumps and has been used commercially as a lawn substitute, especially in drought-prone California. This plant is not an actual grass but a sedge related to the ancient Egyptians' papyrus plant to make paper. It is harvested when it is dormant and sold dried by weight. It is native to warm areas of the United States and has adapted to grow in a wide range of climates. They are hardy and drought-resistant, but they do require water. However, they prefer dry soil and die if they're constantly soaked.
This plant produces panicles of seeds that have a long, thin structure. These panicles are often described as looking like bottle brushes because of their distinctive shape. Its seeds are usually tan or brown but may have hints of red or green. This plant takes its name from these long, thin panicles that hang down in clusters from the stem after they mature. You may also notice that panic grass seeds are barbed or sticky, causing them to cling to animals and clothing.
It spreads by both seeds and rhizomes. The seeds can travel some distance on their own, but once the plant takes root, it sends out runners that take hold in the ground. In this way, Panicgrass can spread quickly over an area.
It is also known as needle grass or panic grass. This perennial grass can reach 6 feet with a similar width. The blades grow from the center of the plant outward in all directions, creating a nearly spherical shape that fans out at the ends. This plant produces dense stands with tall blades that are sharp enough to easily cut through clothing and penetrate the skin.
This plant blooms after about three years when it's between 20 and 30 inches high. It grows in large patches known as swards that can be up to 10 feet wide. Panicgrass has a fine texture that can be described as wispy. It looks similar to common grasses but is much more refined and delicate. When it first emerges from its seed pod, Panicgrass has a reddish or purplish color that changes to green as it matures. This plant does not increase, so it must be cut short frequently to maintain its shape and density. Like other grasses, it requires regular fertilization and watering.
Height at Maturity: 10-30 cm
Sun Exposure: Full sun
Hardiness Zones: 3–9
Ship as: Bareroot
The best way to keep Panicgrass looking healthy and lush is to cut it with scissors instead of mowing it with a lawnmower. Scissors tend to remove fewer blades than a lawnmower, which will help you save money on fertilizer and water over time.
It has grown in popularity over time because of its ability to survive harsh conditions and survive in wet soil. This type of grass also produces bright yellow flowers, which helps make it stand out when planted in a large field or alongside other types of grasses. This grass is typically used to cover large areas or golf courses. Panic grass, because its color, makes it an excellent match for areas that need green coverage, but not so much that it stands out among other plants or flowers.