- Latin Name- Pinus Echinata Hardy Planting Zone-6-8 Mature Height- 66-98 Width- 15-20 Sun or Shade- Full Sunlight
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The scientific name for this tree is Pinus echinata. The tree can be straight or crooked in growth. Typically the shortleaf pine grows to sixty-six feet to ninety-eight feet. The tree requires humid, moist areas to develop fully. Deep, wet soil is the best for the shortleaf pine to dig its roots into the ground and get enough moisture. The shortleaf pine is not usually a full pine tree. The branches randomly placed and covered with only just enough green pine needles. The grey bark of the tree is more visible than the green needles in most cases. The taller the shortleaf pine becomes, the longer the trunk is, and the branches only grow at the top of the very tall trunk. This may be why it is referred to as a shortleaf pine since the needles are not very full or long. The shortleaf pine only grows true seeds when it is twenty years old. Some nine-year-old trees start to create seeds, but it is scarce for this to happen. A better way of calculating when a tree is ready to produce seeds on their pine cones is judging the diameter of the tree. A shortleaf pine with a diameter of thirty centimeters is often prepared to provide viable, true seeds. Germination of seeds happens in the early spring season.
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To cultivate these seedlings; an experienced tree planter recommended. Farmlands, pastures, or other productive soils require special preparation to support this tree, and containerized planting is preferable to bare-root installation. While commonly found in wooded areas, these seedlings are also suitable for yards, when correctly planted and maintained. The shortleaf seedling will mature to between 65 and 100 feet, with a trunk diameter of approximately 1 1/2 to 3 feet. As a seedling, the plant will develop a J-shaped crook, or collar, near ground level. This is a protective trait, as the collar creates axillary buds and, should the plant be burned or cut, these buds will continue to grow to maturity.
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