Squaw Vine

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  • Squaw Vine
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Squaw Vine Root, Mitchella Repens is a Low Growing Evergreen Shrub

Squaw Vine's low-growing evergreen shrub is gaining popularity among gardeners as a subtle ornamental ground cover. Squaw Vine Root takes two to three years to mature but will reward growers with a maintenance-free blanket of foliage that gives year-round visual appeal. Its woody stems grow only a few inches tall but will spread over several meters, producing shiny, vibrant green, heart-shaped opposite leaves about a half in length. Each spring will bring pairs of trumpet-shaped white flowers with four small petals and an enchanting light scent. Blossoms then give way to berries that will ripen to a bright red through the summer and fall, often persisting into winter.

Squaw Vine, Mitchella Repens is a Maintenance Free Blanket of Foliage with Year-Round Visual Appeal 

It doesn't suffer when covered with other leaves as a forest-floor dweller, making it an excellent choice for a ground cover beneath shade trees. Moist, well-drained soils are ideal, but after the vines are established, they will tolerate drought. The foliage will continue to be healthy and bright through even the coldest winters, and the edible berries will attract hungry birds and small wildlife.

Landscapers use Squaw Vine Root as accents near walkways or rocky features, knowing it will ensure predictable winter beauty in otherwise dull scenes. Famous for holiday crafts, the crimson berries bring decorators to the woods in fall and early winter to forage vines that can be molded into colorful wreaths, blended into seasonal arrangements, or added to terrariums. Inside or out, Squaw Vine Root will dependably bring color and life to any setting year-round.


Squaw Vine, Mitchella Repens is For Sale at TN Wholesale Nursery with Low Prices and Fast Shipping

 Squaw Vine is an evergreen perennial herbaceous, leafy shrub with a creeping non-climbing vine. The leaves are large, especially those containing shape, and have a pale yellow main stem. 

It has rounded, paired leaves 1 to 3 inches long and rich dark green with white markings. Tiny white, fragrant, tubular flowers appear in pairs from May to July. In the late summer and autumn, the two flowers are fused at the base and produce a single bright scarlet berry. The berries and the flowers are visually appealing and stand out against the dark green, rounded leaves. 

 It thrives in rich woodland soils beneath acid-loving shrubs, rooting at the nodes, and is a must-have for a shady rock garden. The plant can tolerate dry soil and dense shade. The berries are edible during the winter and provide food for small mammals.

Throughout the winter, the leaves remain green. The flowers are twin white tubular with four fine-haired petals. Dark red berries are produced by the plant and are edible. The fruit grows from mid-July to October. The branches are very delicate and barely woody, ranging from light green to brown. Squaw vine can be found from west to Texas, Maine to Florida, and north to Minnesota. It is expected from Pennsylvania to Georgia along the Appalachian Mountains. It is commonly found on rock bluffs, under shrubs and pine thickets, and near the base of decaying timber.

The Squaw vine favors acid soils under trees and large shrubs and colored shade and rich, moist soil. At the vine's endpoints, the plants follow and form new roots. Seed takes root better after three months of cold stratified, so sow it as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Sow stored grain as early as possible in the year. For maximum effectiveness, squaw vine should be harvested in the spring or early fall. Plants should be placed in a thin layer on a camera in a warm, dry area, such as a barn loft or attic.

A squaw vine provides relief for sore eyes and treats internal ailments. In folk medicine, squaw vine is still used to treat anxiety, abscesses, insomnia, muscle spasms, swelling, and inflammation. The name Squaw vine comes from its use by Native American women to treat conditions related to bearing a child. The plant was used to treat period pain, strengthen the uterus in preparation for childbirth, and prevent miscarriage. A Native American woman drank tea made from squaw vine leaves during the last 2 to 4 weeks of her pregnancy to make childbirth less painful—the herb allowing for a safe, easy, and quick delivery. 

Furthermore, specialists of medicine recognize squaw vine's effectiveness as a drug. It is used to treat urinary conditions such as urine reduction. Squaw vine can also treat diarrhea, reducing tissues, muscle spasms, and nerve pain.


Sun exposure:  partial sun

Water requirement: Moderate moisture

Zone: 4 to 9

Best time to Harvest: Spring

Ship as: Bareroot

Height at maturity:  2 to 5 cm tall

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Additional Information

Spreading Phlox - Phlox Diffusa Hardy Planting Zones - 3-9 Sun or Shade - Full Sun Mature Height - 4-6" Mature Width - 24" Bloom Season - Summer (June to September) Gardener Status - Beginner
Planting Zones 4-9
$2.99 - Ships Now
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1 Review

  • 5

    Love this look. Amazing vine

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