Trout Lily

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Trout Lily, Erythronium Americanum Is A Perennial Spring Flower That Appears in Bright Yellow Hues

The trout lily, formally known as the Erythronium americanum or the yellow dogtooth violet, is a perennial spring ephemeral flower that forms colonies and is native to North American woodland habitats. As one of the most widespread species within its range, its common name "trout lily" refers to the appearance of its mottled leaves, allegedly similar to the brook trout's coloring. Its habitat ranges from Labrador south to Georgia, west to Mississippi, and north to Minnesota.

 The trout lily has many of its variations, but it always appears in bright yellow hues. With its upright flower stalk, the trout lily has six lanceolate tepals, each about twenty to thirty-three millimeters long and composed of three petals and three sepals. Despite their sporadic nature, trout lilies are early bloomers that unfurl before the trees above them even develop their foliage. By this time, they receive unobstructed access to sunlight and higher nutrient levels in their soil, but as the evening rolls in, these flowers finally close. The trout lily grows from an underground, ovoid tuber fifteen to twenty-eight millimeters long and is as shallow as eleven centimeters or as deep as thirty centimeters.

Trout Lily-Erythronium Americanum Provides An Attractive and Seasonal Groundcover

Since the trout lily is a short bloomer, this means it only produces one flower per plant. However, its attractive mottled foliage easily compensates for the fleeting sight of these flowers and provides an attractive and seasonal groundcover. The trout lily becomes dormant in the midsummer, and the foliage dies back—however, another compensation it provides is its longevity and ability to form large colonies over time.

As an excellent addition to pollinator gardens, the trout lily attracts mining bees that pollinate other spring bulbs, ornamental shrubs, and berries. As a self-pollinating flower, the trout lily does not require two plants, though it may need a location where it can naturalize. Having colonies of ants around the plants is a positive sign due to the symbiotic relationship between ants and trout lilies—ants, in this case, help the plant naturalize and spread its seeds.

The trout lily's specifications include light soil, a weekly inch of water, and an east-facing location with morning sun. If grown in native habitat, areas beneath deciduous trees such as oaks and maples make excellent growing locations. These trees would have long dropped their leaves in the early spring, providing generous amounts of sunlight for the trout lily to thrive and bloom.

Trout Lily-Erythronium Americanum is For Sale at TN Wholesale Nursery with Low Prices and Fast Shipping

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Additional Information

Planting Zones 3-9
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