Wild Plum Tree

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  • Wild Plum Tree
  • Wild Plum Tree

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Wild Plum, Prunus Americana is a Small, Deciduous, Fast-Growing Tree

The wild plum, formally called Prunus americana, is a small, deciduous, fast-growing, short-lived, colony-forming native tree. It is a Prunus species native to North America, which occurs in rocky or sandy soils in woodlands, pastures, abandoned farms, streams, and hedgerows throughout the State. The plant is part of the Rosaceae, or rose family, and it can tolerate different weather conditions and thrives in various soil types. Wild plum is also called the American plum or Marshall’s large yellow sweet plum.

The wild plum could either be a single trunk tree or a multi-stemmed shrub. As a tree, it can grow from ten to twenty feet tall, with a broad, spreading crown. As a shrub, it forms large colonies and is winter-hardy. Wild plum can grow on average dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun to partly shaded areas. It has abundant, tiny white flowers that open before the leaves emerge in spring.

Flowers are three-fourths to one-inch across with five white, round, or egg-shaped petals, and it has a single slender yellow-tipped stamen at the center. Flower stalks are thin and hairless. Wild plum’s leaves are alternate and straightforward. The blade is oblong-elliptic in shape; two to four inches long and one to three-fourths inches wide and has a hairy stalk. The upper surface is dark green; the lower surface is lighter in color and has sharply toothed edges.

Wild plum offers attractive foliage in the spring and summer and ample fruits, which are a great addition to the landscape. The fruit is smaller, rounder, and bright red with a thin waxy bloom. It measures one inch in diameter with a hard seed inside. The taste and consistency of the fruit are the same even as the tree reaches its maturity. The young tree bark is reddish-brown to gray, and as it matures, it peels off.

Wild Plum Tree, Prunus Americana Is Essential in Wildlife Habitat and Lasts for Decades If Given Proper Care

By nature, the wild plum tree is an essential part of the wildlife habitat. It provides food and shelter to songbirds like cardinals and finches and also to some mammals. Rabbits or deer often hide in the low branches. During winter, prairie chickens, pheasants, and grouse take cover in the thickets.

The wild plum tree will last for decades if given the proper care. It is essential to water new trees at least once a week to have healthy leaves and fruits. Once established, water the tree every month as it needs regular watering and prefers well-drained soil. Like other fruit trees, wild plum trees have many non-fruiting branches, or "suckers," that grow from the trunk. Consider pruning these, and it will produce the best quality of fruits.

Wild Plum, Prunus Americana is For Sale at TN Wholesale Nursery with Low Prices and Fast Shipping

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Additional Information

Planting Zones 3-8
$9.99 - Ships Fall
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