- Planting Zones 5-8
Conifers are Evergreens That Stay Lush and Green Year Round
Conifers are fast-growing trees that stay green all year round instead of deciduous trees that shed their leaves during winter or in the dry season. They have a unique characteristic; they do not shed all their foliage simultaneously. When the old foliage drops, new ones grow back to replace the old ones. Many of these trees are coniferous; evergreen conifers have cones rather than leaves or needles. Evergreens come in small and large varieties: Evergreen shrubs, such as Privet Hedges, make excellent hedges for privacy and security. Some shrubs, such as the Mountain Laurel, are evergreen and flowering. Large evergreen trees, such as the Eastern Red Cedar, can help reduce wind and reduce light and noise when planted along a property line.
Conifers are the #1 Seller at our nursery because of their year-round beauty. Evergreen Conifers can provide many decades of year-round beauty to a landscape.
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Conifers are an evergreen type that reproduces using seeds in a cone rather than a flower. Evergreens add to landscaping for many reasons. While deciduous trees and shrubs lose their leaves in Autumn, pines provide greenery through all four seasons. Evergreen conifers are available as either a tree or bushes. There are many uses for evergreens, with just as many choices.
Evergreen conifers are perfect for planting in areas such as windbreaks. Since they do not lose their needles in the winter, they will provide a year-round barrier from harsh winds. They are also perfect for a natural property line or privacy fence. Create a tall natural wall for a dramatic effect, or stagger tall and medium evergreens for a more sculptured look. Place small bushes as back edging on an existing garden or along the driveway. They are also perfect for hiding unsightly structures or areas of the yard you wish to conceal. Since they remain green year-round, they are perfect for hiding utility boxes or an old shed.
While there are many landscaping uses for the evergreen, there is another reason to have them around. There are a variety of wildlife species that use evergreens for food and shelter. Squirrels store away the cone seeds for winter eating, hawks use the treetops as perch, and low branches provide a haven for rabbits, to name a few.
With so many evergreen conifers, the ideas are boundless when planning the perfect landscape. From dwarf conifers such as Bluestar juniper, low mound, and Jakobsen to large conifers like the thuja green giant, baby blue spruce, and spartan juniper, the choices are almost endless. Evergreens are perfect for landscaping, whether for privacy, wildlife sanctuary, or just for enjoying their year-round majestic beauty.
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Evergreen shrubs keep bright landscape greenery when everything else is gray and bare in winter. They create beautifully textured anchors in the scenery for the rest of the year, making them ideal shrubs for landscaping. Evergreen shrubs come in many sizes, from low-growing horizontal to rounded bushy to tall and narrow. They are excellent for screening unpleasant views, accenting a home’s foundation, lining a property’s perimeter, and providing cover for wildlife.
Understanding Evergreen Shrubs
There are many evergreen shrubs, the most common being conifers or the familiar pines, with thin needles on stems. Some have sharp pointy needles, and some have soft needles with rounded edges. Evergreen shrubs in warmer climates include broadleaf plants like azaleas. Some evergreens with leaves grow in cold climates, such as private and boxwood; they may need winter protection to survive without damage.
Knowing the growth habits and environmental needs of the evergreen shrubs you choose is key to healthy, thriving plants. If planted correctly and cared for properly, evergreen shrubs will need minimal attention throughout their lifespan and provide beautiful anchors and backdrops in any landscape. Most will do well in bright light to partial shade, with moderate watering and fertilizing needs. If damaged by injury or pests or planted in an unfavorable habitat, such as a low saturated area, they will not thrive and die off.
Common Evergreen Shrubs
Homeowners and landscapers plant common evergreen shrubs around homes, yards, and gardens. Evergreen private plants and California Privet are used for privacy and noise screening to form a natural fence. They are attractive shrubs with small glossy green lance or oval-shaped leaves and small flowers that produce small black fruit clusters in the summer. They grow from four to 15 feet tall. They grow well in various growing conditions but need good drainage and won’t do well in wet and flooded areas.
Pine trees are another common evergreen used in landscaping. Yew, arborvitae, white pine, scots pine, and Korean pine are popular pine shrub varieties used in landscaping homes and yards. Many are available in dwarf varieties to fit in almost any space. Beautiful greenery, from bright green to silvery green to dark green, colors the winter landscape to contrast with the white of snow or browns and grays of deciduous plants.
Winter Protection for Evergreen Shrubs
In cold climates with freezing winters, it’s best to provide winter protection for evergreen shrubs. Some fall preparation can help prevent winter damage and help evergreens survive winter conditions and thrive in the spring.
Harsh freezing winds and frozen soil can dry out even thorny healthy shrubs, and heavy snowfall can break branches and swim trunks. Water shrubs generously in the fall before the first hard frost to bolster them before dormancy, then mulch well to conserve moisture. Wrap floppy branches with burlap or shrub covers for wind protection. Consider using an anti-desiccant spray to prevent water loss through leaves and needles. Burlap windbreaks or screens protect shrubs that are in exposed locations.
Tn Nurseries Best Selling Conifer
3. Pitch Pine