Bio-Engineering Products

Exploring the three differences in products for Bio-Engineering Applications

Live stakes are also called cuttings, tree stakes, live tree cuttings.

It's merely an end branch tip of a branch of a tree or shrub. They are to help soil retention, erosion, stream bank mitigation, and restoration and for replanting of wetlands, often referred to asBio-Engineering materials such as erosion control blankets or root carpets. Live stakes are simple to drive in the wet mud and soil rather than bare-root trees and shrubs because they can be operated in the mud whereas a barefoot bush a large hole would have to be dug, most of the time is impossible to do in wetland areas refilling with dirt or water.

Fascines (also called wattles) are tree or shrub branches (just like live stakes) that are bundled together to trap sediment and protect against all types of stream bank restoration and soil erosion. Fascine is placed horizontally along stream-banks to retain or slow down water flow before it reaches the stream-banks. These also can also be placed above the water line to slow down water flow and help prevent all types of mudslides and soil erosion.

Brush layers are simply tree & shrub cuttings (ends of branches) placed on slopes along stream-bank contours, between layers of captured soil retention beds. They are often used and wrapped in erosion control blankets, to rebuild a stream bank or restoration habitat areas completely.

Bio-Engineering is the term used to describe the use of plant material to arrest and prevent slope and stream-bank failure and erosion
Ecological Restoration Plant Benefits To The Environment

Across the country (and the world), local habitats are being rapidly destroyed by both natural and human-made causes. In many locations, money is spent on creating artificial structures and solutions to mitigate the problem. However, what many people don't realize is that one of the simplest and most effective methods of the ecological restoration lies literally in the backyard. Native plants, which vary by region, are an excellent solution to habitat damage. Native plants are specially adapted to living in certain environments. When they're used as an ecological restoration tool, they can make the soils in the area stronger, repopulate hillsides and floodplains, and even help restore local wildlife populations.


Brush or branch layers used in a Bio-Engineering project


Benefits of Native Plants

From weakened soil to plant diseases, both non-native species and human-made causes like agricultural production and over-development can jeopardize a local environment. Add to the problem regionally-specific concerns like water shortage, fire, and shoreline erosion, and ecological devastation seems insurmountable! One of the most significant issues across the United States is excessive water consumption, which in turn leads to water loss. Modern landscaping alone accounts for about a third of all residential water usage. This includes watering gardens and potted plants filled with non-native species that are not adapted to the local climate. However, by switching to native plants, you can reduce landscaping water consumption by up to 75%. This is important everywhere, but it is especially vital in dry, arid desert regions where water is a scarce commodity.

Another way that green restoration plants benefit the environment is by using fewer pesticides. Pesticides and fertilizers are used on both individual and commercial levels to facilitate plant growth. This is especially true in areas where non-native plants have been introduced and need external aid to grow in their local conditions. By planting native plants, trees, and grasses, however, you can significantly reduce the number of pesticides needed. Planting ferns in forested areas and prairie grasses on open fields, for instance, re-introduces native species. Since they already thrive in the local conditions, they don't need your assistance to grow.

Preserve the Natural Landscape

While it might initially be neat to see tropical plants growing in your garden during summer, the reality is that introduced species can (and often do) cause more harm than good. When you add foreign species, you are setting yourself up for higher-maintenance plant care, as your plantings generally can't grow without help in their introduced environment. Furthermore, non-native species have a higher likelihood of introducing diseases and insects that can harm local vegetation. Planting steep slopes with shallow-rooted plants can be disastrous, as hills need the deep roots of species like serviceberry, willow trees, and ferns to resist erosion. Additionally, non-native plants will likely not survive harsher environmental conditions, such as long winters, which means you waste time, energy, and resources in the end.

Through natural disasters, human activities, or a combination of both, sensitive environments are prone to degradation. It can be costly and time-consuming to restore them, but using native plants can help. Native plants are hardy and resilient, and they're one of the best choices for making a quick, permanent fix to get your local environment back to good health.