Lizards tail - Saururus cernuus
Lizard's tail (Saururus cernuus L) is almost called Lizard's tail swamp Lilly, breastweed, and water dragon. It is referred to as breastweed because it has been known to be used in treating inflammation of the breast. It is an erect and hairy perennial.
Lizards tail can reach up to four feet in height
It has slender, nodding (leaning) spikes of white flowers. Many tiny and fragrant flowers are on the tapered and stalked spike. This perennial herb blooms from April through August. When in bloom, it resembles a bottle brush. Lizard's tail stems are a light green color. It is commonly found in wetland areas and along river banks, marshes, ponds, and lakes.
Lizard's tail grows best in full to partial shade
This aquatic-loving plant grows best in very wet soil and mud. The foliage of the Lizard's tail has a sassafras scent. It is best for wetland gardens and creates lovely ground cover. It can grow up to four inches of ground saturation and colonizes quickly. If overeaten by cattle, it can be toxic. Humans should avoid eating this plant. It should not be planted where animals forage.
The leaves of the Lizard's tail are large and heart-shaped or arrow-headed. Small aquatic creatures like woodland ducks, fish, and frogs use the Lizard's tail as hiding ground. When a lizard's tail dies, it is decomposed by algae and is a food source for aquatic life.
Lizard's tail requires very little care once it is established
It spreads by root propagation. It is considered a good plan for beginner gardeners. It is not susceptible to disease or insects. Lizard's tail is a herbaceous perennial that grows best in hardiness zones four through eleven. It emerged plant grows from a colony of underground runners.